LeetCode | 0098. Validate Binary Search Tree验证二叉搜索树【Python】

LeetCode 0098. Validate Binary Search Tree验证二叉搜索树【Medium】【Python】【二叉树】

Problem

LeetCode

Given a binary tree, determine if it is a valid binary search tree (BST).

Assume a BST is defined as follows:

  • The left subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys less than the node’s key.
  • The right subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys greater than the node’s key.
  • Both the left and right subtrees must also be binary search trees.

Example 1:

    2
   / \
  1   3

Input: [2,1,3]
Output: true

Example 2:

    5
   / \
  1   4
     / \
    3   6

Input: [5,1,4,null,null,3,6]
Output: false
Explanation: The root node's value is 5 but its right child's value is 4.

问题

力扣

给定一个二叉树,判断其是否是一个有效的二叉搜索树。

假设一个二叉搜索树具有如下特征:

  • 节点的左子树只包含小于当前节点的数。
  • 节点的右子树只包含大于当前节点的数。
  • 所有左子树和右子树自身必须也是二叉搜索树。

示例 1:

输入:
    2
   / \
  1   3
输出: true

示例 2:

输入:
    5
   / \
  1   4
     / \
    3   6
输出: false
解释: 输入为: [5,1,4,null,null,3,6]。
     根节点的值为 5 ,但是其右子节点值为 4 。

思路

二叉树

root 不只需要和左右子节点比较,而是和整个左右子树所有节点比较。
Python3代码
# Definition for a binary tree node.
# class TreeNode:
#     def __init__(self, x):
#         self.val = x
#         self.left = None
#         self.right = None

class Solution:
    def isValidBST(self, root: TreeNode) -> bool:
        return self.isValid(root, None, None)
    
    def isValid(self, root: TreeNode, min_: TreeNode, max_: TreeNode):
        if not root:
            return True
        if min_ != None and root.val <= min_.val:
            return False
        if max_ != None and root.val >= max_.val:
            return False
        return self.isValid(root.left, min_, root) and self.isValid(root.right, root, max_)

GitHub链接

Python

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